There are many options for international sea freight transportation from China to anyplace in the world, but HART Worldwide is here to help you with all of them. For example, if you tell us where your supplier’s location is, we’ll send a vehicle to pick up your merchandise and deliver it to your doorstep. Then, in China, finish the customs paperwork.

Whether you need the quickest, fastest, or a mix of maritime freight from China, we can arrange it for you. When your goods arrive at the target port, we will handle all customs processes and transport it to the designated location for you. If you ship internationally by water, you won’t have to worry about anything, and you’ll save money, because we’ll handle everything for you. Customs and pick-up may be handled by you, allowing us to manage simply the foreign shipping.

HART has a wealth of experience in shipping goods by water. In order to stay abreast of changes in the maritime industry, we have a specialized business team. Give us your request and we’ll get back to you with some relevant information. There is a customs activities department that analyzes and oversees international shipping by sea customs policies. Customs enforcement is one of our operational criteria, therefore your shipping from China will be completely risk-free.

In addition to COSCO, Maersk, Yang Ming, CMA-CGM and other major maritime lines, HART has concluded shipping rate agreements with HART. Because of this, we are able to ship at a fair cost.

Standardization and systematization are two of HART’s primary advantages. Your maritime shipping orders are handled, monitored and tracked by our in-house created logistics system. You’ll always have a good time because the method isn’t reliant on anyone. Our expertise can help you minimize the cost of your maritime shipment. We provide the most competitive maritime freight rates available.

Here, you will find the greatest solutions for marine shipping, no matter how challenging it may be. Knock on the door and you’ll be welcomed in.

Our Other Services Besides Sea Transport


Air Freight

Air freight from China, as well as customs clearance and delivery, will be handled by us. Alternatively, we may do the exact reverse.


Rail Freight

For those nations that can be reached via train, we can export your items from China and handle customs and local delivery.


Door to Door Shipping

All of your shipments from China will be picked up in China and delivered to their final destination by air, sea, or train. We offer door-to-door shipping from China.


Express Services

Your purchases will be shipped from China using international express such as UPS, FedEx, TNT, and other specialized special routes. Take advantage of our China fast delivery.


Customs Clearance

Each country’s customs rules are well researched by our experts, and we keep tight ties with a number of brokers. As a result, the customs clearance procedure is expedited.



We have a wide network of warehouses in China and other countries that can accommodate your needs for short- or long-term storage.


Pickup & Delivery

Our door-to-door service is one of our advantages. Simply send us an email with the Chinese addresses and the intended recipient’s address, and we’ll take care of the rest!



Amazon FBA shipping from China is a service we provide for online shoppers. To begin with, the e-commerce network offers the convenience of shipping to Jumia.


Consolidated Shipping

All of your orders from multiple suppliers will be shipped to you at once if you ask us to assist you. This method will save you money on shipping and lessen the risk of loss.

Why Choose Hart for Your International Sea Delivery?


Targeted businesses and a deep understanding of maritime shipping markets have been our focus. Maintain uniformity and systematization in order to reduce shipping costs from China without sacrificing service. Focus is the key to mastery.

Cheap Shipping Rate

HART has long-term contracts with major shipping companies. We are always improving our working processes and performance in order to ensure the lowest shipping costs from China. Get a free estimate from us today.


We are able to adjust quickly to your demands while preserving consistent features of quality delivery thanks to standardized logistics methods, operational procedures, and freight management. Let us know what you’re looking for.


In order to achieve 100% paperless service, monitoring, and tracking, a dedicated in-house software development team designed the tailored support architecture. There isn’t a single point of failure in the process.

Full Self-control

The maritime transportation procedure is completely self-contained. There is a dedicated employee at each checkpoint who uses the in-house tech system to keep an eye on everything. Everything is in your hands.

Custom Clearance Service

Local customs officials work well in hand with their regional counterparts to guarantee smooth operation of customs. The administrative unit reviews the numerous customs regulations on a daily basis. daily basis.

Wide Coverage

There are offices or industries in over 20 Chinese cities. India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Germany, Poland, and the UK are just a few of the nations where warehouses may be located.

Highly Trained Team

We place such a high emphasis on educating our employees that we provide it on a regular basis to everyone. A timely recap and replay will help them to maintain their high level of service.


Because we want our staff to be well-versed in their fields of responsibility, we place a high value on professionalism. When it comes to transporting goods by sea, be sure you have all the information you need and the finest advice possible.


Qualifications and Honor for Sea Freight Transport


Business Form for International Freight Forwarders

The Ministry of Commerce has mandated that all foreign freight forwarders operating in China obtain this certificate for international freight forwarding. This is in accordance with China’s Foreign Trade Laws and Regulations on the Administration of International Cargo Transport Agencies.


NVOCC Business Operation Qualification Registration Certificate

Because China’s Ministry of Transportation has more severe requirements than a conventional freight forwarder, many of these international freight forwarders in China are not NVOCCs. As an NVOCC, you have the authority to issue your own bills of lading, allowing you to better control your products.


ISO9001 2015 Quality Management System Certificate

In order to provide excellent customer service and avoid any misunderstandings with customers, it has been determined to develop an international quality control program. In addition, we strive to provide the same high level of service to each and every one of our customers. This approved program governs our correspondence and working methods.


Certificate of Membership for WCA

The World Freight Transportation Alliance (WCA) is the world’s largest and most powerful network of independent cargo carriers. HART is instantly covered by the sector’s most compassionate and comprehensive financial insurance plan, which encourages us to collaborate with other WCA partners in the most relaxed and convenient way possible.


Certificate of Membership for CIFA

As a social organization, the (CIFA) is managed by the Ministry of Commerce and is an international Chinese freight forwarding organisation that is recognized by the government. The goal of CIFA is to increase the autonomy of businesses and combine operations, and to provide a balanced business environment for competitiveness.


Member Unit for SIFFA

The SIFFA is a professional organisation of the Shenzhen Civil Affairs Bureau having a legal status. As an international freight transport trade association, SIFFA is charged with safeguarding, directing, and organizing stakeholders in the area of knowledge-sharing, coordinating links, and improving mutual collaboration.

Sea Transport | The Ultimate FAQ Guide


Shipments from China to the rest of the world are almost exclusively carried out by sea freight.

We highly recommend this article if you want to import goods from China and send them by sea.

It will walk you through the entire process of having your goods sent by sea from China.

A staggering 2.2 trillion dollars in products were reportedly shipped by China in 2017 solely.

The vast majority of the journeys were made by water or the ocean.

Why the ocean?

Let’s find out.

Table Of Contents

  1. What Does Sea Transport Mean?
  2. How Does The Sea Transport Process Work In Freight Shipping?
  3. Do You Know How Long It Takes To Ship Goods Over The Sea Transportation?
  4. What Papers Are Crucial For Sea Transportation?
  5. What Organization Is In Charge Of Issuing Sea Transport Documentation?
  6. Do You Know The Most Commonly Used Incoterm In Sea Transport Terms?
  7. What Are The Different Types Of Sea Transportation?
  8. Why Use International Sea Transportation Over Other Means?
  9. Are LCL And FCL Sea Transportation Different?
  10. Why Is Sea Transportation Cheaper Than Other Means?
  11. How Is The Cost Of Sea Transportation Determined?
  12. What Elements Influence The Price Of Shipping Goods By Sea Delivery?
  13. What Are The Typical Ocean And Sea Delivery Expenses You Must Pay?
  14. Are Sea Delivery Rates Subject To Surcharges Like Air Freight?
  15. Who Covers The Customs Fees In Sea Delivery?
  16. Who Is Responsible For Sea Delivery Customs Clearance?
  17. What Sorts Of Shipping Containers Are Utilized For Sea Delivery?
  18. On A Sea Freight Transport, How Many Pallets Will Fit In A Shipping Container?
  19. Does Sea Freight Transport Have Any Weight Limit?
  20. Why Do FCL And LCL Cargo To A Certain Destination Have Dissimilar Transit Time?
  21. Is Sea Freight Transport Covered By Insurance?
  22. Do Imports Through Sea Freight Transport Face Any Restrictions?
  23. In The Sea Freight Transport Industry, Who Has The Most Popularity?
  24. Is It Possible To Monitor My Shipment’s Progress In Sea Freight Transport?

1. What Does Sea Transport Mean?

Sea transportation is the practice of delivering products and materials in a ship over the ocean.

This is the primary method of transporting freight throughout the world by sea.

One of the most economical ways to ship products around the world is via ocean freight.

Moreover, it is a breeze to use and a sure bet.

All of the continents have at least one substantial water mass on them, and you’re aware of this.

Because of this, sea transportation is a practical method of transporting commodities across international borders.

Ocean Shipment
Ocean Shipment

2. How Does The Sea Transport Process Work In Freight Shipping?

Transportation via sea is a complicated process.

International logistics includes sourcing commodities, shipping them to the distribution point, and completing customs clearance.

For a beginner to the industry, this might be time-consuming.

Take the necessary procedures to make maritime freight shipment as easy as possible.

Step 1

The first step is to locate and acquire the goods you intend to transport.

After you’ve obtained materials and agreed on the conditions of sale, you’ll need to choose a freight forwarder with the most reliable services and costs.

The freight forwarder will next assist you in setting up the transportation of your products to any location on the planet.

Step 2

Once they’ve been delivered to a shipping facility, items are processed to ensure they’re ready for shipment.

After the goods are unloaded from the truck, a thorough examination is performed, and they are then neatly packaged.

Step 3

Customs clearance is the third step.

The customs office will require – in order to process your shipment.

  • Invoice for transportation
  • Sea Waybill Invoice
  • Documents such as a packing list

It is the freight forwarder’s responsibility to handle both of these documents.

There will be a thorough examination of your shipment by customs officials.

This is for the purpose of calculating taxes and tariffs that have been paid.

Pay the bill that was given to you after that.

Procedure Of Customs Clearance In China
Procedure Of Customs Clearance In China

As a result, your container is loaded onto a ship and taken to the port of destination at this time.

When you hire a freight forwarder, they are responsible for locating a trustworthy carrier.

In addition, HART Worldwide, your freight forwarder, will select the most suited ship carrier for your shipment based on its large network of connections.

HART will dispatch your items to the most convenient place at the most cost-effective rate.

Step 4

The next step is clearing customs at the final destination.

Shipments will only be accepted into the destination if they have been properly documented.

The cargo must be examined by customs officials to ensure that they are not prohibited in the area.

It’s important to remember that you’ll still be responsible for paying the relevant customs body for customs service.

Step 5

The final step is to move the products from the port to the storage facility.

To get the products to you, you’ll need to place an order.

This is it, your package has finally arrived.

3. Do You Know How Long It Takes To Ship Goods Over The Sea Transportation?

To a large extent, this is determined by the shipping route’s overall length.

Shipments by sea freight sometimes may take up to 8 weeks longer than domestic shipments.

4. What Papers Are Crucial For Sea Transportation?

There is a lot of paperwork that needs to be filled out accurately when transporting sea freight.

Before you can begin shipping items, you must also submit these documents to the relevant authority.

You must proceed with utmost caution while filing any of these documents with the appropriate authorities.


A B/L is the most crucial of all overseas shipping paperwork.

It’s a form of written consent from the transportation company to the recipient.

With the signing of this document, you may be sure that the goods you’re shipping have arrived safely at their final destination.

Most carriers need their ship’s shipping department to approve a BOL before it can be issued.

“Lading” relates to the direct loading of goods into a ship, whereas “bill” relates to the supply schedule and costs.

This means that a ‘bill of lading’ signifies the transportation of cargo at a specified price and to a predetermined receiver.

Ocean Freight Bill of Lading
Ocean Freight Bill of Lading

Technical requirements for a bill of lading

  • Which selling agent is who, and what is their name?
  • Importer’s name,
  • what the ship’s owners name is
  • The terminal’s official name is,
  • The cost of transporting the goods
  • Markings on shipments and
  • The total weight and dimensions of the cargo being carried.

Business Invoice (Commercial Transaction)

A business invoice will be sent to you by the vendor when you purchase the goods for importation.

It serves as proof that you made a specific purchase from him, one that included a specified type and number of goods.

The terms and conditions of the buying and selling of items are laid forth in this contract.

There is information about what was purchased, where it was sent from, how much it cost, and where it was delivered in the document.

There are also specifics on who was responsible for shipping, as well as who purchased the item and who supplied it.

It is only when a sale is completed that a business invoice is generated.

This is a contract for the sale of goods for both you and the product’s vendor.

Ocean Freight Commercial Invoice
Ocean Freight Commercial Invoice

Customs at either the incoming and outgoing ports require the submission of a sales invoice.

In order to determine how much customs duty you owe, you need to know how much each item in your shipment weighs.

Ascertain whether or not the contract reveals that all levies on the goods have been levied, together with the identities of the shipper, buyer, and distribution firm, before signing.

Sea Waybill

Sea waybills are legal documents that serve as evidence of a shipment’s transportation and delivery contract.

As evidence of contract and ownership of the goods, a Bill of Lading is also a document of title that grants possession.

Packing List

A packing list is a list of all the goods that go inside the package as well as their quantities.

Detailed maritime freight transportation information may be found in this guidebook.

This means that when you write everything down, you must be extremely cautious not to leave anything out.

It specifies the contents of each container, and also the type of packaging that will be used to house each one.

It also shows the mass and volume of each item that was included in the package.

This listing note will be used to calculate the total weight of the shipment.

It’s a need if you want to make sure the correct shipment is delivered.

When the package arrives, customs inspectors will use this packing list to conduct a thorough inspection.

Keep in mind that the information on the labeling list must meet the information upon that bill of lading and any other shipping paperwork you may have in your possession.

Certificate of Origin

Certification of authenticity is a document that identifies where a shipment’s items come from.

Use this credential to verify the provenance of imported goods in your region.

Every effort is made to meet the requirements of international trade and customs.

To determine tariffs, it has been employed.

Most contemporary countries have different customs duties for items acquired from other countries.

Customs or trade officials in certain regions need merchants to provide this paperwork to verify the merchandise.

Insurer’s Certificate

You will receive an insurance card after the items have been covered.

This is to comfort you that if your goods are lost or destroyed in transit, you will be paid.

In addition to detailing what is covered, the certificate would also include information on the level of risk and the quantity of coverage.

This makes it easier to file a claim for reimbursement and pays out faster in the event of an insured risk.

Please double-check your work while filling out shipping paperwork to avoid any delays.

As a result, the essential information is presented in a clear and succinct manner.

A slight inconsistency in any of these data will consequence in the cargo being detained for a prolonged length of time.

Ocean Shipment Insurance
Ocean Shipment Insurance

Permit your shipping company to fill out your paperwork to completely eradicate all of these issues.

In your interest, we at HART Worldwide see to it that all necessary paperwork is properly completed and filed prior to the shipment being sent to its final destination.

5. What Organization Is In Charge Of Issuing Sea Transport Documentation?

Seller, shipping company and freight forwarder.

The shipping company provides a bill of lading, while the seller provides a proforma invoice.

6. Do You Know The Most Commonly Used Incoterm In Sea Transport Terms?

Among the most commonly used Incoterms for marine freight are –

In a nutshell, FOB and EXW take into account the buyer’s requirements.

You should enlist the help of a freight forwarder to handle the bulk of the shipping.

CFR and DDP, on the other hand, are the exact opposite.

The forwarder is chosen by the seller, and he or she subsequently takes care of most of the logistics.

EXW and FOB allow you more control over shipping, scheduling, and costs.

7. What Are The Different Types Of Sea Transportation?

International maritime freight shipping may be classified into four main categories.

  • An FCL can be anywhere from 20 to 45 feet in length, and it refers to a separate cargo that is loaded into a ship.
  • Dozens of shipments that occupy a container but are split at their final destination are referred to as “less than container load” (LCL).
  • In RORO shipping, trucks and other vehicles enter into a vessel with their cargo, are firmly integrated for the journey, and then actually drive off when they arrive at their destination.
  • Material that may be dropped or poured into the hold of a ship rather than placed into containers is known as dry bulk

8. Why Use International Sea Transportation Over Other Means?

Consider these advantages of shipping through water vs than other modes: –

Capacity and Cost

A single container may hold up to 10,000 bottles of beverage. In addition, shipping goods by sea is less inexpensive. As a general rule, air freight is not suitable for containers exceeding more than 500 kg.

Reduction In The Number Of Restrictions

In order to identify and limit dangerous goods for transportation, international conventions, legal obligation, carriage association standards, and particular carrier standards all play a role. As compared to ocean freight, air transportation and other transportation techniques limit the amount of items that may be shipped at once.

Releases of CO2

Compared to air freight or other transportation techniques, the carbon dioxide emissions of sea transport are insignificant.

9. Are LCL And FCL Sea Transportation Different?

In the world of international logistics, these are two often used shipping terminology.

FCL – Basically, it implies that a cargo will only be utilized by one shipper or client at a time.

See this related clip –

LCL – A cargo will be used by several consumers at once.

As a result, many shipments from various clients will be combined and sent in a single container.

You don’t have to worry about it.

All of this will be taken care of by the shipping or forwarding firm.

The definition appears to be straightforward.

See this video –

However, what are the benefits of using those two terms?

FCL Is More Affordable For Large Shipments

You’ll save money by purchasing more in bulk.

In the same way, you know, for maritime transport as well.

The cheaper it will be the more capacity you reserve.

As a result, FCL shipping will result in lower unit sea transporting charges than LCL shipping.

The freight forwarder, on the other hand, prefers to send full containers.

For business, an FCL will be a lot simpler to bear than an LCL.

For LCL, they must combine shipments from several clients into a single container in order to save money.

As a result, LCL will be made more difficult.

Comparison Between Lcl And Fcl Shipping
Comparison Between Lcl And Fcl Shipping

FCL Is Faster

Despite the fact that LCL may be prolonged for a variety of reasons.

As previously indicated, LCL, the cargo forwarder, is responsible for consolidating many shipments into a single container, processing numerous papers, and sorting the cargo at the port of arrival.

For LCL, things are a lot more difficult.

And there’s a chance of delay at each of those steps.

FCL Is More Secure

Damage and loss are more likely to occur with LCL shipments.

Consolidation of goods at a loading port by a freight forwarder might provide this information.

Furthermore, it will be revealed once more during the freight forwarder’s sorting of the goods at the final port of destination.

LCL would still allow you to keep your stockpile low, unless you’re using FCL.

Full containers of merchandise are out of your reach at the start of the business.

As a result, shipping via LCL is a logical choice for you.

So you may end up saving a great deal of money on shipping costs by doing so.

You never have to think about how many things you’ll need to fill a container.

So these are the main distinctions for both FCL and LCL transportation, as far as we know.

In order to better comprehend, watch the clip –

10. Why Is Sea Transportation Cheaper Than Other Means?

In general, larger and heavier cargo are more cost-effective to ship by sea.

There are a few tricks you may use to get affordable shipping costs by water.

Sea transporting prices drop in proportion to a shipment’s shrinkage.

A cheaper cost of sea transport can be attributed to the water’s flat surface, which requires less power to operate.

Consequently, low-cost maritime international shipping has grown in popularity.

11. How Is The Cost Of Sea Transportation Determined?

If you want to transport 20 Foot or 40-foot containers, the shipping charges are the same for FCL sea transporting goods.

A cubic meter (CBM) is used to determine cargo handling delivery costs for LCL shipment.

It is calculated both in terms of net mass and volumetric size.

In LCL shipments, the billed weight is based on the greater of the two values.

Watch this video for clarification –

So, if you want to save money on international shipping by water, you’ll have to be careful.

12. What Elements Influence The Price Of Shipping Goods By Sea Delivery?

Ocean freight transportation prices are affected by the following factors:

  • Physical size in terms of the container
  • Mass of the package
  • Frequency of delivery
  • Location of Interest
  • Duties on Imports and Exports
  • Extra charges for door to door delivery
  • Insured Shipping
  • Stipulated Price
Marine Transportation Expense Affecting Elements
Marine Transportation Expense Affecting Elements

Those are the most significant determinants of the cost of ocean freight transportation.

In order to get affordable international shipping by sea, you must keep these considerations in mind.

13. What Are The Typical Ocean And Sea Delivery Expenses You Must Pay?

The following are typical costs associated with shipping goods via sea or ocean –

  • Additional costs to cover the cost of customs inspection
  • Routing charges
  • Your customs representative agent
  • Loading and drop-off services
  • LCL Container Handling Facility
  • Shipment Coverage
  • Terminal administration fees
  • Fees for special features

If you want to save money on the international shipping by water, be careful while selecting your shipment’s route.

14. Are Sea Delivery Rates Subject To Surcharges Like Air Freight?

That’s correct.

The cost of shipping goods by water is subject to additional fees.

Some instances of sea transport fees include fuel expenses, surveillance surcharges, and other expenses that follow shipment from port to port.

15. Who Covers The Customs Fees In Sea Delivery?

As the importer, it’s up to you.

Customs fees are typically paid by the recipient of the package or by the shipping company on his behalf when shipping by sea.

16. Who Is Responsible For Sea Delivery Customs Clearance?

You, the shipper’s consignee, are responsible for customs clearance in marine transport.

However, your freight forwarders will normally take care of this for you at an extra expense.

17. What Sorts Of Shipping Containers Are Utilized For Sea Delivery?

In maritime freight transportation, there are primarily three different types of containers to choose from.

Bulky cargo is no match for the 20’GP’s strength.

Bulky items include things like minerals, chemicals, machinery, and more.

The 40’GP is designed to carry large loads, not small ones.

There are a number of examples, such as electronics, vehicles, toy cars, and so on, that fall under this category.

The base of a 40-foot-high cube container may hold up to 25 pallet stacks, as long as the weight is not hanging over the edges.

Different Sea Containers
Different Sea Containers

18. On A Sea Freight Transport, How Many Pallets Will Fit In A Shipping Container?

A 20 feet general-purpose container may hold anything from 9 to 11 pallets.

Depending on pallet size, there might be anywhere from 21 to 25 pallets placed in a 40-foot general-purpose container.

19. Does Sea Freight Transport Have Any Weight Limit?

Oh, yes.

There are different weight limits depending on the type of sailing you do.

For ocean freight, for example, there are frequently less weight restrictions than for domestic freight.

This is due to the fact that trucks have a weight limit.

Additionally, in most nations, state and federal regulations limit the weight of a vehicle.

20. Why Do FCL And LCL Cargo To A Certain Destination Have Dissimilar Transit Time?

A single transporter and a single destination are the only parties involved in the FCL shipment.

It is sent as is from the port of loading to the discharge port once it has been packaged.

Cargo from a number of shippers and receivers will be packed into a single container and shipped to multiple destinations in LCL freight.

To get to the same location, LCL shipping takes longer than FCL shipping.

21. Is Sea Freight Transport Covered By Insurance?

Yes, to some extent.

The contractual responsibilities of several marine freight companies limit their liability for cargo hazards.

Carrier-to-carrier restrictions vary, although they tend to be rather modest overall.

Importers are normally advised to check with their carriers ahead of time to see exactly what restrictions apply in this regard.

To ensure that the goods arrive in perfect condition, additional shipping insurance is frequently required.

22. Do Imports Through Sea Freight Transport Face Any Restrictions?

Every shipping method has its own set of rules and regulations.

Shipments of goods that might be hazardous to the environment are frequently restricted at sea.

If you’re delivering hazardous products, you’ll need to have a dangerous goods disclosure statement on hand to prove that the goods are safe.

In order to ensure the safe delivery of those items, you’ll need to take additional measures.

Ocean Transportation Prohibited Commodities
Ocean Transportation Prohibited Commodities

The following items are prohibited from being sent by sea:

  • Fruits and vegetables that have been picked recently,
  • Perfumes with alcohol, dry ice
  • Toxins, aerosols, polishes on fingernails and toenails,
  • Air bags, cigarettes, booze,
  • Marijuana, Ammunition, and Gasoline.

23. In The Sea Freight Transport Industry, Who Has The Most Popularity?

Some popular sea carriers –









Evergreen Line

Evergreen Line
Evergreen Line

24. Is It Possible To Monitor My Shipment’s Progress In Sea Freight Transport?

Most of the time, yes.

To track a cargo, you need to know which shipping company is transporting your goods and what size container they are in.

And also the booking number or paper number they have.

Almost all of the pertinent information is contained just on Bill of Lading itself.

Real Time Sea Shipment Tracking
Real Time Sea Shipment Tracking

Final Words

If this is your first time using ocean transport, understanding international logistics might be a challenge.

This is why we’ve put up this FAQ section for your benefit.

Sea freight transit may be complicated, and HART is here to help you prevent overcharging, fraud, and miscommunication.

All we need to know is where and what you’re taking with you.

We’ll work with you to create a custom freight forwarding solution that meets your needs.

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